Udon Thani is located on the southern part of the Mekong. This prime geographical location has gifted the land with the rare characteristics of wetlands. The Han Gumphawapi Swamp or Bua Daeng Swamp (Red Lotus Swamp) in Udon Thani is a wetland of global significance and reputation. This rare type of wetland, found only in a few locations across the world, offers a unique ecosystem of biodiversity with ecological, economic, social, and political significance to all humans, plants, and animals. This rich biodiversity is deeply rooted in the people’s way of life, creating various communities of gardens, plantations, and horticul - tural markets that can serve as supply sources for Expo 2026.

Herbal City: Research & Plantation

Nature has always been an integral part of the local way of life. Herbs are used as fundamental compo - nents for local food and medicine. The biodiverse nature of both forests and wetlands allows for over a hundred varieties of herbs, from the globally well-known turmeric, ginger, and galangal to the local blue trumpet vine (Thunbergia laurifolia), soft bollygum (Litsea glutinosa), Entada spiralis, and many more which are used in holistic medicine to treat a myriad of maladies. This ancient wisdom of Udon Thani is a prime example of how vital biodi - versity is for a thriving human society. In 2018, Udon Thani was dubbed the Herbal City of Thailand, with its famous local herbs holding great significance in terms of the environment, commerce, and medicine. Udon Thani has built several research institutions to promote knowledge and benefits of local herbs to international platforms, while also promoting herbal products and supporting local farmers and merchants, improving the existing local businesses, while also seeking further beneficial uses of the abundant local herbs, such as for medical purposes, as alternative

Fabric City

Udon Thani is Thailand’s biggest centre for handwoven fabric production and trade, with a sales volume of over 40.2 million euro/year. Over 111 communities across the GMS and the southeastern region of Thailand possess a thriving sericulture along the Mekong river. Udon Thani’s Sericulture Research Institution aims to develop more ethical and eco-friendly ways to raise silkworms and to produce silk by using innovations and modern technology to transform the ancient art of the past. Its goal is to help the craft grow sustainably towards a future for silk, with its durability, naturality, and anti-bacterial characteristics helping it serve as a sustainable material for the world’s textiles in the future.

Smart City

Udon Thani aims to redefine the city historic image and reimagine the future by embracing new generation, integrating technology with existing abundant resources of materials and people to build towards sustainable future. The city’s goal is to promote sustainable future of Smart City, Smart Environment, and Smart Living by introducing Smart Tourism Platform brining in technology to promote Udon Thanic historic site and famous tourist attraction with Udon Thani’s IOC and CITY Data Platform with City Tourism Chatbot. In accordance with vision of the smart future, vvolunteers of new generations would also collaborate on this expo to contribute towards bright and sustainable future of smart society.

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